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解决 OS X 10.5.6 中的崩溃问题

这是一篇以前翻译的文章,来自 Macworld.com,作者为 Ted Landau。

苹果近日发布了几篇文章,提供了一些建议来避免 Mac OS X 10.5.6 升级所带来的崩溃及死机问题。所有的修复都涉及到了删除文件,而且大部分是之前几乎不被人知的系统文件。

避免配置安装错误

安装 OS X 更新时,安装器可能会在“配置安装…”这一步停滞不前甚至死机。庆幸的是这个漏洞已经在 Mac OS X 10.5.6 解决了。但现在的问题是,当试图去安装 10.5.6 的更新来修复这个错误时,你仍然可能遇到这个问题。如果遇到这个问题,转到 “/Library/Updates”文件夹并删除里面的内容。

我不能非常确定(苹果没有解释相关的文章)为什么删除这个文件夹中的内容就会解决“配置安装”错误。但是在略微研究后,至少我对这个文件夹的用处有了些需了解。

OS X Update

通常来说,你在”Updates”文件夹中所能发现的就是一个 index.plist 文件。然而,使用“软件更新”时,如果你选择下载并安装了一个需要重启的更新,最后的时候你会得到“该更新需要重启计算机。”的信息。你可以选择“重启”或者“稍后”按钮。如果你选择“稍后”,更新包会临时的存储在上面提到的”Updates”文件夹里。

OS X Updateindex.plist 文件保存着那些需要在注销或重启后。这种情况下,更新也会别列在“软件更新”的“已下载”下(如右图所示,在截图底部附近)。

修复蓝屏问题

苹果提醒尤其在使用“软件更新”时,你有可能在启动时遇到蓝屏问题。如果确实出现这个问题,建议你重启并进入安全模式(启动时按住”Shift”键)。Mac OS X 10.5.6 与以往不同的是,安全模式会删除在”/var/db/dyld” 目录中存在的“动态装载器共享缓存”。在这个文件夹中的破损的缓存才是造成蓝屏问题的根本原因。在安全模式创建了一份已删除缓存的新的拷贝后,重新启动即可解决问题,蓝屏问题应该不会再出现。

解决 Mail 崩溃问题

根据苹果早前所说,Mac OS X 10.5.6 更新 “发现一个阻止 Mail 退出的问题。” 具有讽刺意味的是,苹果随后发表报告说,安装 10.5.6 更新后,Mail 可能会非正常退出。这种情况会出现在 Mail 没有适当的被更新。

如果问题存在,解决得办法是安装 Mail Update 1.0。当且仅当你的 Mail 需要该更新时,该更新文件才会出现在“软件更新”中。如果非正常退出的问题仍然持续,并且你的 Mail 完好无缺并没正确的安装,苹果建议查看 “~/Library/Mail/Bundles” 文件夹。如果在该文件夹里发现第三方 Mail 插件(例如 OMIC 和 GPGMail),这些有可能造成跟新版 Mail 不兼容的问题。查看一下是否有最新版的插件可用。如果没有,删除不兼容的插件。这样应该能解决问题。

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