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文件管理

muCommander:跨平台的免费文件管理工具

上一篇博文 “文件管理器跨平台解决方案 @ 软言软语” 介绍了一些 Windows 与 Mac 平台上常用的文件管理器,但却没有推荐 muCommander。当时主要是考虑 muCommander 作为一款 Java 程序,其在 Mac 上的运行效率一般,而又在软言软语的 Windows XP 上无法启动,因此也没有过多的去关注。不过软言软语曾在第一篇文章 “Windows & Mac 跨平台免费软件推荐 @ 软言软语” 中提到过该软件是一款完全跨平台且免费的软件。然而在上篇文章的留言中,网友 Yibie 与 Alwaysup 都提到了 muCommander 软件,尤其如 Alwaysup 所说,muCommander 为使用者在不同平台上提供了相同的操作体验,也可以看出 muCommander 还是有一定的用户群的,因此决定写一篇相关的介绍文章,来让大家(也包括软言软语)对其有更多的认识,也算是对上一篇博文的补充。

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一、muCommander 简介

muCommander 作为一款免费的跨平台文件管理工具,有着诸多优点:

  • 跨平台。支持 Windows,Linux,Debian,Mac OS X,BSD等(支持 Java 即可),而且还可以在你的浏览器中运行(有兴趣的点此),
  • 多服务支持。能够连接 FTP,SFTP,SMB,NFS,HTTP 以及 Bonjour,但不支持 WebDAV;
  • 基本文件操作。快速复制,移动,文件重命名,创建文件夹,通过 Email 发送文件等;
  • 压缩文件支持。浏览,创建及解压缩 ZIP,TAR,GZip,BZip2,ISO/NRG,AR/Deb 和 LST 等格式文件;
  • ZIP 文件操作。能够像操作文件夹中的内容一样来修改 Zip 包内的文件而无须重新压缩;
  • 书签及凭证管理。可以将常用的路径作为书签来访问,也可以保存包括 FTP 用户名和密码在内的连接凭证等;
  • 多窗口支持;
  • 全键盘操作。几乎所有的功能都可以通过键盘来实现,点击右键时就能看到相应的功能后有快捷键可供使用;
  • 高度可定制。muCommander 本身自带了几种外观主题,除此之外也允许使用者定制自己的主题来美化界面,并且设置中的选项繁多,可以定制的内容相应的也很丰富。
  • 多语言支持。目前支持22种语言,包括简体中文和繁体中文。
  • 免费。muCommander 遵循 GPL v3 协议,有兴趣的用户可以去其网站下载源代码。
  • 内置快速查看器。

二、操作界面

muCommander

主窗口

muCommander

快速查看器

muCommander

FTP 窗口

三、快捷键操作

(1). 导航

  1. Alt + F1 :变更左侧面板路径 (路径列表打开)
  2. Alt + F2 :变更右侧面板路径(路径列表打开)
  3. Ctrl + G :改变当前位置(定位到地址栏)
  4. Tab / Shift + Tab :在左右面板间切换
  5. Backspace / ← :回到上层文件夹
  6. Enter / –> :进入文件夹 / 压缩包 / 执行
  7. Shift + Enter :使用系统关联的程序打开选中的文件
  8. Ctrl + L :在 Windows Explorer 中打开当前文件夹
  9. ESC :取消变更路径操作
  10. Home :选择当前文件夹中的第一项
  11. End :选择当前文件夹中的最后一项

(2). 选择

  1. ~ / Insert :标记 /取消标记选定的文件
  2. 数字键盘+ :成组标记文件
  3. 数字键盘- :成组取消标记文件
  4. Ctrl + A :全选
  5. Ctrl + D :取消全选
  6. 数字键盘* :反转选择
  7. Ctrl + C :复制文件
  8. Shift + Alt + C :复制路径
  9. Ctrl + V :粘贴文件
  10. Ctrl + M :比较文件夹

(3). 快速搜索(按下任意字符键启动)

  1. ↑ :转到上一个符合条件的结果
  2. ↓ :转到下一个符合条件的结果
  3. Backspac :删除快速搜索字符串中的最后一个字符
  4. Insert :选定 / 取消选定当前文件并转到下一个符合条件的结果
  5. ESC :取消快速搜索

(4). 文件操作

  1. F3 :查看选择的文件(夹)
  2. F4 :编辑选择的文件(夹)
  3. F5 :复制选择的文件 (夹)
  4. Shift + F5 :复制选择的文件(夹)到当前文件夹中
  5. F6 :移动选择的文件(夹)
  6. Shift + F6 :重命名选择的文件(夹)
  7. F7 :在当前路径新建文件夹
  8. Shift + F7 :在当前路径新建文件
  9. Delete / F8 :可能的话将选择的文件删除到垃圾桶中
  10. F9 :刷新当前文件夹
  11. Ctrl + K :连接到远程服务器
  12. Shift + Ctrl + K :显示已打开的连接
  13. Ctrl + R :在当前路径运行命令
  14. Ctrl + I :将选择的文件(夹)压缩成包文件
  15. Ctrl + P :解压缩选择的文件
  16. Ctrl + S :作为邮件的附件发送选择的文件
  17. Ctrl + B :将当前路径添加到书签列表中
  18. Ctrl + Shift + B :浏览书签
  19. Alt + Enter :显示选择的文件(夹)属性

(5). 查看

  1. Alt + ← :转到前一个文件夹(后退)
  2. Alt + → :转到下一个文件夹 (前进)
  3. Ctrl + F3 :按扩展名排序
  4. Ctrl + F4 :按文件名排序
  5. Ctrl + F5 :按文件大小排序
  6. Ctrl + F6 :按日期排序
  7. Ctrl + U :交换左右文件夹
  8. Ctrl + E :同步两侧面板路径(以当前活动面板一侧为基准)

(6). 窗口

  1. Ctrl + N :打开一个新窗口
  2. F10  :关闭当前窗口
  3. Ctrl + ← :转到前一个窗口
  4. Ctrl + → :转到下一个窗口
  5. Ctrl + 1 :转到 1 号窗口
  6. Ctrl + 2 :转到 2 号窗口
  7. Ctrl + 0 :转到 10 号窗口
  8. Ctrl + Q :退出

四、总结

从总体使用上来看,muCommander 还是十分方便易用的,含有大量的快捷键,对于喜欢使用全键盘操作的用户来说尤其便利,而且大部分快捷键跟其他文件管理器近似,这也降低了从其他产品转换过来的用户使用难度。另外,类似于 TC 的快速搜索(不支持中文),文件编辑,文件查看器,FTP  客户端等实用功能也为其增色不少。至于软言软语当初遇到的无法启动的问题,似乎是因为最初用的是 Nightly Build 版造成的,在使用 0.8.3 正式版后,启动非常迅速,运行也很稳定,只是在打开拥有较多文件的文件夹时会有一段时间的停顿,甚至假死。但瑕不掩瑜,muCommander 还是一款相当不错的文件管理软件,对于想要在跨平台中有相同操作体验的用户值得推荐,而对于一般用户来说也是一个不错的免费选择。

五、推荐阅读

  1. muCommander
  2. muCommander FAQ @ muCommander
  3. muCommander Screenshots @ muCommander
  4. muCommander Forum @ muCommander

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