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同步 备份 软件推荐

备份与同步(二)——本地篇

随着硬盘容量不断增大,网络不断提速,以及网络资源的丰富,值得保留的东西也越来越多。这个时候,为了保证数据的安全可靠,就自然会对备份/同步软件有了需求。但毕竟硬件条件有限,还是推荐对那些不可重现的内容,如照片,视频等,以及重要的文件、代码等进行备份,一方面可以保证数据的安全,另一方面又节约了成本。软言软语目前没有使用任何的本地备份工具,而采用了基于云的 Dropbox 和 Live Mesh。对于云端备份与同步,请参阅另一篇文章“备份与同步(一)——云应用篇 @ 软言软语”。

一、Windows 平台

1. 微软出品 —— SyncToy

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SyncToy 是为微软免费提供的同步备份工具,非常方便易用,能够帮助用户在不同目录间进行文件的复制,移动及同步,大部分操作只需要轻点几下鼠标即可执行,同时也提供了自定义任务的功能。SyncToy 可以支持多任务管理,能够在一侧文件中对两个文件进行合并,在另一侧模拟文件更名及删除操作。与其他同步软件不同,SyncToy 保留了文件更名记录,以确保最后结果的正确性。

SyncToy

详细使用介绍,请参看 “SyncToy 2 微软出品的易用型档案同步工具详解 @ 电脑玩物”。(注:需代理)

2. 免费版 —— SyncBack

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SyncBack 是由 2BrightSparks 出品的免费版软件,既可以进行备份也可以进行同步操作。其提供的选项较多,这一点不同于 SyncToy,因此功能更为强大,但使用上也会略显复杂,但因为具有多语言版本包括中文,使用上也会轻松很多。既可以备份到同一磁盘上上,也可以备份到不同磁盘或者其他媒介上,并支持备份到 FTP,网络位置及 ZIP 上。一般使用,首先在来源和目标两侧分别设置好相应的路径及规则就可以开始备份/同步了。SyncBack 允许在备份前后分别执行指定的程序,方便备份。比如备份数据库的时候,可以先停止数据库,再备份。备份完成后,再次启动数据库,完全自动化。
SyncBack2BrightSparks 也提供 SyncBack 的增强版 —— SyncBackSE ($30)& SyncBackPro ($49.95),有兴趣的可以前往其官方网站查看。

3. 跨平台的克隆工具 —— Clonezilla

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Clonezilla 是一个开源的系统克隆工具,基于 DRBL,Partition Image,ntfsclone,partclone 以及 udpcast。不仅支持对整个系统进行克隆,而且也可以克隆单个的分区。支持 GNU/Linux 的文件系统 ext2, ext3, ext4, reiserfs, xfs, jfs 和 Windows 文件系统的FAT、FAT32、NTFS,而且也支持 Mac OS 的 HFS+ 文件系统,因此可以运行于 GNU/Linux, Windows 及 Intel CPU 的 Mac系统上。
CloneZilla

二、Mac 平台

1. 苹果的时间机器 —— Time Machine

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Time Machine 需要与 Mac 和外置硬盘一同使用,只要将硬盘连接好并分配给 Time Machine,一切备份操作全都在后台自动完成。Time Machine 会自动备份 Mac 的所有内容,包括系统文件、应用程序、账号、偏好设置、音乐、照片、影片和文档等,而且它不仅仅是备份所有文件,而且记录了系统在任意一天的状态(类似于 Windows 的系统还原点,但更为强大),因此你可以重新访问过去某种状态的 Mac。Time Machine在完成初始备份后,以后会每小时、每天自动进行增量备份,只复制从上一次备份后有所改动的文件。为了节省空间,Time Machine 只保存前 24 小时的小时备份,前一个月的日备份以及一个月之外时间的周备份。
Time Machine如果你是 Mac 用户,且对于备份很重视的话,推荐采用 Time Machine,方便强大。如果能同时配合 Apple 的 Time Capsule 使用的话,可以进行无线同步,更为方便,当然成本也略高。

对 Time Machine 的详细介绍,请浏览“时间机器(Time Machine)到底是怎么回事 @ Marble’s Mac”。

对 Time Capsule 有兴趣的,可以查看 Time Capsule @ Apple 官方主页。

2. 免费版—— iBackup

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iBackup 是 Mac 上的一款轻量级备份软件。类似于 Time Machine,可以对应用程序的设置进行备份,包括苹果自家的 Mail,iPhoto,iTunes 等,也可以利用插件对第三方软件设置进行备份,目前的插件数量已经超过250个,同时又可以像 Time Machine 那样,恢复某一点的状态。但其也不同于 Time Machine,iBackup 不能进行全盘备份,只对单一用户的数据和设置进行备份。iBackup支持增量备份,在线备份,网络备份及同步,可以将备份后的内容打包归档或直接刻盘。

iBackup

iBackup 对于个人是免费提供的,通过日志和设置可以发现 iBackup 内部使用的是 BSD 上的 rsync,ditto 等 Unix 工具,其本身只是一个前端。因此其备份的格式也是标准的 Unix 格式。

iBackup

3.全盘备份 —— SuperDuper

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SuperDuper 可以算是目前 Mac 上最好的免费全盘备份工具了,可以制作 Mac 的完整镜像,这一点不同于 Time Machine 的全盘备份。Time Machine 的全盘备份是不能启动的,而 SuperDuper 制作的是可启动镜像,类似于 Norton Ghost 镜像。可以称之为对 Time Machine 的最好补充,更适合重装系统。

SuperDuper

如何使用 SuperDuper 在外置硬盘中制作备份你的磁盘,推荐查阅“Mirror Your Mac on a Bootable External Drive @ Lifehacker”。

三、总结

备份软件发展至今日,功能上已经大同小异了,但易用性上却不尽相同。如果对备份要求不高,可以在 Windows 上使用 SyncToy,在 Mac 上使用 iBackup 来进行备份/同步。但如果对备份要求较高,则推荐在 Windows 上使用 SyncBack 备份重要文件,Clonezilla 做系统镜像备份,而在 Mac 上推荐 Time Machine + SuperDuper 的组合。

当然除了以上介绍的免费软件外,还有很多其他优秀的免费备份/同步软件可供选择,推荐浏览以下网址获得更多信息。

四、推荐阅读

  1. Five Best Windows Backup Tools @ Lifehacker
  2. Five Best File Syncing Tools @ Lifehacker
  3. Geek to Live: Automatically back up your hard drive @ Lifehacker
  4. Geek to Live: Complete, free Mac backup @ Lifehacker
  5. 13 Great Free Backup Programs for Windows, Mac, and Linux @ Download Squad 【2009-10-14 更新】
  6. Mac Backup Software Harmful @ plasticsfuture
  7. 最佳免费备份软件 @ 善用佳软
  8. Mac OS X做备份时应该注意些什么 @ Marble’s Mac

“备份与同步(二)——本地篇”上的627条回复

初试啼声,已显大家风范。
有幸目睹一个优秀博客的诞生,祝贺!

虽然目前仅有3篇文章,但在定位、写作、html格式、文字格式方面,都大有可观之处。

谢谢夸奖,没想到这么快就有了第一条评论。
目前Blog还有很多不完善的地方,希望日后能够与善用佳软多多交流。

一、Windows平台
2. 免费版——SyncBack
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